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Sten MkII

5,211 bytes added, 13:33, 10 November 2019
changed weapon history
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The STEN sub-machine gun (or Sten Commonly referred to as a 'STEN gun') was is a family of British submachine guns chambered in 9×19mm and used extensively by British and Commonwealth forces throughout World War II and the Korean War. STEN is an acronymWW2 era firearm, seeing service globally from the names its first baptism of fire in 1942 Western Europe,to the weapon's chief designers, Major Reginald V. '''S'''hepherd and Harold '''T'''urpin, 1948 Arab-Israeli war and EN for '''En'''field. Over four million Stens beyond even today seeing use in various versions were made the civil wars in the 1940smiddle east. They were notable for having a simple design and very low production cost making them effective insurgency weapons for resistance groups<ref> [https://modernfirearms.net/en/submachine-guns/great-britain-submachine-guns/sten-eng/ Modern Firearms entry on the STEN]</ref>
The Mark II was Due to combat in France against the German army in 1940, the British both suffered great materiel losses at Dunkirk following the 2nd British Expeditionary Forces' (2BEF) and learned lessons in modern warfare at the hands of the German army following their catastrophic loss for the Battle of France, the British found they had a dire lack ofSub-Machine guns in the most common variantcore Infantry section, with a very small amount of Thompsons being available to the British left a gap in the versatility of the standard InfantrySection in terms of firepower between the power of a Rifle and a Machine Gun. To fill this gap, the Royal Small Arms Factory, Enfield (RSAF) was commissioned to procure and produce an alternative to the {{doll name|Thompson|SMG|5}} Sub-Machine gun (which couldn't be produced fast enough to meet demand especially following the U.S. Entry into the war). The two million units producedmen credited with designing the weapon was both Major R. V. Shepherd who was the Inspector of Armaments in the Ministry of Supply at the Royal Arsenal and Mr. It Harold Turpin who was a much rougher Draughtsman for the RSAF design department. From these two the weapon than 's name would be Derived, S from Shepherd, T from Turpin and EN from enfield. (A similar system can beseen with the {{doll name|Bren|MG|3}} gun, where BR was taken from the name 'Brno' where the Mk Ioriginal Czech weapon [Zb vz. 26] was designed and EN from Enfield. ) The flash eliminator STEN gun first saw action in the Dieppe raid with Canadian Forces. Weeks prior to the raid, the first issuing of the STEN to the planned Dieppe Raiders occurred and during the folding handle (weeks leading up to the raid, the grip) of Canadians spent the Mk I time fixing, filing, and adjusting their weapons' to fix faults making them somewhat decent weapons and were eliminatedfully battle-worthy. A removable barrel <ref> [https://www.canadiansoldiers.com/weapons/smgs/sten.htm CanadianSoldiers entry on the STEN]</ref> However, when the raid was first cancelled in July, the Canadians' STENs were withdrawn and when the Raid was now provided remounted, the Canadian forces recieved new,crated and packed in grease STEN guns which projected were very much useless as they had their very common manufacturing defects which the Canadians had corrected weeks prior to theirpreviously issued STEN guns, disgusting many of the troops. The Dieppe raid in the end was a catastrophic failure, seeing 3 inches .6 thousand of the 6000 predominantly Canadian soldiers being killed, wounded or captured due to extremely poor British leadership.<ref> [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dieppe_Raid Wikipedia entry on the Dieppe Raid]</ref> <ref> [https://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/remembrance/history/second-world-war/1942-dieppe-raid Canadian Veterans Affairs entry on the Dieppe Raid]</ref> (76 mm[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gallipoli_campaign I wonder where I've seen this before?]) beyond  The STEN would see improvements and many different variants, however it still was never the barrel sleeveperfect weapon due to the entire point of the STEN being as cheap as possible, aseasy as possible to make as fast as possible in as large numbers as possible. AlsoThis would of course greatly benefit the Commonwealth armies, a special catch allowed especially following the magazine Normandylandings as each infantry section was able to be slid partly out equip itself with STENs if the situation required it. The standard British infantry section in western Europe composed of 10 men(2 more than the standard 8 used in other conflicts and peacetime), 2 men to work the magazine housing BREN and the housing rotated 90 degrees counterrest with lee-enfields or STEN guns.<ref> [https://sergeanttombstoneshistory.wordpress.com/2017/10/29/the-rifle-section-backbone-of-the-clockwise british-infantry/ SGT Tombstones article on the WW2 British Infantry Section]</ref> (from Luckier ones got to wield American firearms such as the Thompson). The STEN would continue to see service with the British Army until the operator60's perspectiveto which it was replaced by the far better Sterling SMG.<ref> [https://www.itstactical.com/warcom/firearms/ugly-but-effective-why-the-sten-gun-became-a-wwii-workhorse/ ItsTactical entry on the STEN]</ref> The 9mm STEN Machine Carbine (as it was officially known)is a blowback operated, together covering fully automatic weapon that fired from an open bolt. Trigger unit permitted for sigle shots and full automatic fire,controlled by the ejection opening cross-bolt type button, located in front and above trigger. The tubular receiver and allowing the weapon barrel shroud were made from rolled steel. The gun was fed from aleft side mounted box magazine. The wireframe stock is made from steel. The sights were fixed and pre-adjusted for 100 yards distance, with a peep hole rear and blade front. The Mk.1 featured a conical muzzle compensator. Some guns featured small folding forward grip. <ref> [https://www.dday-overlord.com/en/material/weaponry/sten-mark-2 DDay-Overlord entry on the STEN]</ref> <ref> [https://www.britannica.com/technology/Sten-gun Britannica entry on the STEN]</ref>* The Brtish pattern STENs would be produced in several variants (marks):** Sten Mk.I: First model STEN, featured the conical flash hider, a wooden foregrip and foward handle, about 100,000 of the Mk.1's and later improved blocks were produced.** Sten Mk.II: The most common STEN at 2 million units produced, the foregrip and magazine both flash hider were removed from this variant.** Sten Mk.IIS: A suppressed version of the Mk.II STEN, typically given to lie flat on its sideSOE agents operating in occupied territories or commando units beginning 1943.** Sten Mk.III: The 2nd most produced variant, and possibly the most simple version of the STEN issued by the time of the Normandy landings.**Sten Mk.V: This variant was first produced for Airborne troops, essentially being a more refined and superior Mk.II STEN, featuring a wooden foregrip, a wooden stock and bayonet mount and came with a specialised bandolier for airborne troops which held 7 full STEN magazines.** Sten Mk.VI: Was a suppressed Mk.V STEN, used in the same roles as the STEN Mk.IIS was.<ref name= "wiki">[[wikipedia:Sten|Wikipedia entry of Sten MKII]]</ref> <ref> [https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/C238777 AWM entry on the STEN]</ref>
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